The 58th Shriram Institute Founder Memorial Lecture was delivered by Prof. Pramod Kumar Garg, Head, Department of Gastroenterology, AIIMS, Delhi on ‘Improving Human Health through Biomedical Research: Future Beckons Us’ on April 26, 2024.

Petroleum & Fuel

Petroleum & Fuel

Liquid, Gaseous and Solid fuels are the main source of energy. With the increasing awareness of stringent environment laws there is a greater need to test the materials to control the quality. This quality control is important in automobile and power sectors. Besides, these fuels have to be evaluated from the view point of pollution control.

During the past six decades, SRI has been a support to the stakeholders like

Regulatory Agencies, Refineries , Policy Makers, Industry Units, Certifying Agencies

Research Institutions & Universities



The capabilities of SRI in the Petroleum & Fuel sector are dedicated to the following functional areas:

  • Quality Evaluation of Petroleum Oils.
  • Study of Insulating oils for their suitability in the electrical equipment.
  • Opinion report with proposed remidies for further suitability of Transformer oils to use.
  • Studies on the Fuel additives for assessing their performance & optimizing their doses.
  • Studies on Adulterations in Petroleum oils.
  • Studies of the Engine oil after using them in Aircrafts.
  • Imparting Training.



Liquid Fuels :  Diesel ( HSD & LDO)  , Bio diesel , Petrol ,  Kerosene, Transformer oil , Furnace oil ,  Engine oil , Turbine oil , Hydraulic oil ,  Quenching oil , Cutting oil ,ATF, RPO, Antifreeze Coolant, FRHF

Solid Fuels :  Coal, Coke , Baggase , Rice Husk, Paddy Husk, Saw Dust

Lubricants , Waxes & Jellies : Lube oil, Grease

Bitumen & Related Materials : Bitumen, CRMB, PMB, Antistripping Agent , Charcoal, Activated Carbon,  Carbon Black




Viscosity  & Viscosity Index Air Release Value
Pour point Cloud point
Flash  & Fire point Reid Vapour Pressure
Acidity / Total Acid Number Interfacial tension
Foaming tendency / Stability Flash point (PMCC)
Seal compatibility Pour point
Ash content Four Ball test
Demulsibility Freezing point
Conradson Carbon Residue Refractive index
Rust preventive characteristics Distillation range
Saponification value Aniline Point
Oxidation stability Electric strength (BDV)
Copper  strip corrosion Foaming stability
Emulsion characteristics Reserved alkalinity
Total Base Number Penetration
Trace/ Wear / Additive metals Softening point
Ramsbottome Carbon Residue Thin film oven test
Evaporation loss Ductility
Density Paraffin wax content
Aniline Point Frass breaking point
Sediments Loss on heating (TFOT)
Water / Moisture content Particle charge
ASTM Color Froathing characteristics
Thermal stability Cold filter Plugging point
Froathing Caking Index
Volatile matter Sieve Analysis/ Particle Size
Carbon residue Bulk Density
Dielectric dissipation factor Chemical composition of Ash
Specific resistance Gross Calorific Value
Oxidation stability Net Calorific Value
S K value Useful Heat Value
Dissolved Gas Analysis (DGA) Ash Fusion Temperature
Furan Analysis Drop Point
Smoke point Equilibrated Moisture
Burning quality Hard Groove Griandibility Index
Aviation fuel resistance Reid vapour pressure
Calculated Cetane index Swelling Number
Pour point Matter in soluble in TCE
Congealing point Thin Film Oven Test
Proximate Analysis Ultimate Analysis




  • Ash Fusion Temperature in Coal
  • Four Ball Test for Lubricants
  • Cold filter plugging point (CFPP) in diesel oils.
  • SOAP analysis in Fresh & Used Engine oils for various airlines.
  • Benchmarking of Transformer oils
  • Study of Coal for their grading
  • Study on the effect of multifunctional additive in lubricating oils.
  • Third Party Quality evaluation for LPG ( On site & Lab evaluation)
  • Study on the Engine Flush Products & Radiator flush Products for their performance and efficiency
  • Studies on the Efficacy of Radiator Coolant
  • Adulteration verification in Diesel with Kerosene
  • Studies on the various Solid Fuels to ascertain their fuel efficiency
  • Emulsion stability of fire resistant hydraulic fluids for 1000 hours at 27±2°C



  • Indian Standard Specification (ISS)
  • British Standard Specifications (BS)
  • Institution of Petroleum (IP)
  • American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
  • European Standards EN)
  • German Standards (DIN)
  • Japanese Standards (JIS)
  • International Organisation for Standardization (ISO)

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